Philip Johnson

Philip Johnson — yes, you remember him. The tall, elegant New York architect, immaculate in his dark suit, lived in a glass house but didn’t throw stones… cultural icon with a wry sense of humor, ultimate partier… all thanks to being independently wealthy due to early ownership of Alcoa Aluminum stock…

Johnson was heavily involved with Harvard, Yale, the Museum of Modern Art, and oh, yes, ADOLF HITLER. Oops!

What? Quite a slip-up! Some say a youthful mistake, I say WAY too involved for WAY too long. Pals with Hitler?

… it turns out that this “early admiration” lasted for the better part of a decade. During that time… Johnson helped organize a U.S. fascist party. He worked on behalf of the Nazi sympathizer and radio broadcaster Father Charles E. Coughlin. He attended one of Hitler’s Nuremberg rallies in 1938, and in 1939 he followed the German army into Poland. “We saw Warsaw burn and Modlin being bombed,” he wrote afterward. “It was a stirring spectacle.”1


Johnson went to Harvard but dropped in and out to travel in Europe, trying to contend with his sexual identity. His crushes on two other Harvard students, Alfred H. Barr, Jr. and Henry-Russell Hitchcock led to his rapid entrance into a career in the arts. Barr was appointed director of the brand new Museum of Modern Art, and Hitchcock was an aficionado of Modern architecture. Hitchcock and Johnson traveled together to Germany to study the subject in 1930. Unfortunately, he “returned with enthusiasm for modern architecture and, somewhat ironically, a glowing view of Adolf Hitler.”2

Hitchcock and Johnson wrote The International Style which became highly influential in the U.S. and elsewhere.

Johnson worked in support of Detroit radio broadcaster Father Charles E. Coughlin who was known for characterizing the New Deal as the “Jew Deal.” (to be continued)

1 “Remembering” Philip Johnson
By Anne Applebaum
The Washington Post
February 2, 2005; Page a23

 

2 Dictionary of Art Historians
Lee Sorensen, ed.

Reinhard Heydrich

The life span of Reinhard Heydrich represents, in its totality, one of the most terrible events in human history. I use the word “events” instead of “life” because this sociopath’s thoughts and deeds stand in opposition to the very concept of human life.

Adolf Hitler himself held Heydrich in the highest esteem, even thinking of him as a pretty decent successor. Not good.

Bullet Points (real bullets):

  • Extermination of the Jews. Heydrich headed up the January 1942 Wannsee Conference near Berlin, an ongoing subject of numerous movies,books, and academic studies. It was there that the plans for the destruction of the 11 million Jews in German-occupied Europe were hatched. Not that it stopped these plans, but thankfully, Heydrich was ambushed and killed by two British-trained Czech partisans in Prague in May 1942.
  • Mobile Killing Squads. Earlier, Heydrich formed and lead the horrific Einsatzgruppen, or mobile killing squads that trailed the 1941 Nazi invasion of Russia and murdered millions of Jews in Russia and Poland by shooting or gassing them to death.
  • The Gestapo. And before that, Heydrich was the monster who developed the Gestapo into an instrument of torture, terror, and murder as early as 1934 under the aegis of friend / rival Himmler. The secret to his success? He began color-coding his infamous index card collection.
  • Kristallnacht 1938. Heydrich was chief engineer of this charming event.

John McCloy

A very cloying guy…

John McCloy was an unrepentant right-winger of the most reprehensible kind. Here are just some of his life’s highlights:

  1. Friend of world-class A-of-H Adolf Hitler, with whom he attended the 1936 Olympics in Berlin.
  2. Fought hard—and succeeded—to get early-release for convicted Nazi mass-murderers he had befriended at Nuremberg trials.
    • Especially loved Einsatzgruppe commanders who shot hundreds of thousands of Jews and led mobile killing squads.
  3. Fought hard—and succeeded—to prevent U.S. from bombing the railroad tracks leading to Auschwitz during WWII. Why? Here’s some simple math to think about:
    • Auschwitz was a huge purchaser of Zyklon B, the poison gas used to slaughter people in its gas chambers.
    • Zyklon B was manufactured by I.G. Farben.
    • I.G. Farben retained the superlative legal counsel of guess who? You got it—Jack McCloy!
  4. Pals with Nazi-loving millionaire Henry Ford (AOH).

Benjamin Ferencz, Chief Prosecutor for the Einsatzgruppen Trial, wrote a letter to McCloy on December 17, 1951 after McCloy, the U.S. High Commissioner in Germany, freed a bunch of Nazi murderers after only 6 years in prison (McCloy later lied and said he was not responsible for this):

I notice in this morning’s paper that a group of our Landsberg friends have been given their freedom as a Christmas present. These include… 3 Einsatzgruppen boys, Schubert, Jost and Nosske.

… You may recall that the deadline for cleaning up Simferopol was Christmas 1941 and that Schubert managed to kill all the Jews by then. So for Christmas 10 years later he goes Scot free. Who says there is no Santa Klaus?

Nosske was the one whom the other defendants called “the biggest bloodhound of all”… Now Nosske is free to join former General Jost whose command ordered a 4th gas van when the 3 in operation executing women and children were insufficient to do the job properly.

Noel, Noel, what the hell.*

General Telford Taylor, who had been Chief Counsel for the Prosecution at the Nuremberg, wrote that the commutation of the sentences were “a blow to the principles of international law and concepts of humanity for which we fought the war.”*

*Bloxham, Donald. Genocide on Trial: War Crimes Trials and the Formation of Holocaust History and Memory. Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 2001 (162).